William Garner Sutherland was an American osteopathic physician and the founder of cranial osteopathy. He was born in 1873 in Virginia and received his medical degree from the American School of Osteopathy in Kirksville, Missouri in 1900.
Sutherland became interested in the relationship between the bones of the skull and the functioning of the central nervous system, and he developed a system of treatment known as cranial osteopathy. He believed that the bones of the skull, or cranial bones, could be manipulated to improve the function of the central nervous system and the body’s overall health.
Sutherland’s ideas were initially met with skepticism within the medical community, but he continued to develop and promote his theories throughout his career. Today, cranial osteopathy is recognized as a valid form of treatment within the field of osteopathy and is practiced by many osteopathic physicians around the world.